Inside an Electric Truck – Converting a Truck to Run On Electricity

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Inside an Electric Truck – Converting a Truck to Run On Electricity

Inside the Electric Truck

Have you ever wonder what is inside an electric truck? The science behind any electric vehicle is no difference. You will need an electric motor as a power source to generate the torque required to move the vehicle forward. You will need a motor controller to control the speed of the motor. You will also need batteries to supply power to the motor and you will need lots of it. 20 units of deep cycle batteries minimum.

If you are planning to start a DIY electric vehicle conversion project from your home garage, a truck donor vehicle would be quite suitable. The flatbed of any pickup truck has ample space to store all the batteries needed for your daily driving.

If you are searching for a donor truck, you can start by identifying one which has a faulty internal combustion engine. A truck with a busted engine is cheaper for the obvious reason…you need to spend money to repair it! The seller has no idea that you will be removing the engine and install an electric motor. Make sure the truck has good suspension, transmission and brakes. These components are important for your EV truck after the conversion. Check out the video below on a Ford Ranger converted to run purely on electricity.


By | 2012-08-19T11:04:37+00:00 November 27th, 2008|Electric Truck|5 Comments

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5 Comments

  1. Peter November 28, 2008 at 3:40 pm

    I’m gathering preliminary data on electric car conventions. May I say that your vehicle looks wonderful but I have one question. What is the horsepower or wattage of your motor and it’s Max RPM. This would give me an idea of acceleration capability and depending on the number and type of batteries, the range.
    Thank you.
    Peter Paule

  2. Will November 28, 2008 at 9:30 pm

    Hi Peter,

    Thanks for your comment.

    The way you choose an electric motor will depend on the net weight of the vehicle. Most people will make their selection based on the budget they have.

    One example of electric motor that has been used for DIY electric car conversion is the ES-15A Series from D&D Motor Systems.

    Here are some technical specifications:
    This motor is very efficient with energy consumption and can be as high as 85% at 3750 rpm at 100 amps. It can generates roughly 90 foot-lbs of torque at nearly zero rpm making it a great propulsion system at slower speeds as well as city speeds. The dimensions are 12.28 inches long by 7.6 inches diameter with a keyed shaft at 3.00 inches long and .8750 inches diameter.

    The top speed you can achieve with this motor is roughly 40 mph and the range 3 to 5 miles per battery per charge. To give you an idea your mileage, you can use the following table:
    24 batteries at 6 volts = Range of 72-120 miles
    18 batteries at 8 volts = Range of 54-90 miles
    6 batteries at 12 volts = Range of 36-60 miles

    Hope the information helps.

    ‘Will

  3. steven leyba February 25, 2011 at 12:33 pm

    I love this!!!!!!!! I have a 2007 toyota tacoma and want to convert it to all electric… I have about 25 drivers that work for me and we drive around 200 miles per day. Is it possible to make an electric truck to have that range?

  4. Stan June 21, 2011 at 1:28 pm

    I’m building an electric car. I started with a Ford Model “A” frame, because it’s light and I had it, and a 1928 Essex coupe body, for the same reasons. I have a diff. from a ’75 Nova- easy to get parts for, and again I have it. I must look for a straight front axle, preferably Chevy, so it’ll take the nova wheel. My son, an electrician, says he’ll find a DC motor for me. Nice to have helpful kids. I’ll then build battery racks and install them, wire them, and voila! an electric car! sound oversimplified? Well, there’s a tech. college nearby, and the prof. of automotive says he’ll have his students do the hookup for me as part of their learning. Well, we’ll see. Sincerely, Stan

  5. Corry June 8, 2012 at 9:40 am

    What would be better for the EV air conditioners? What about if we use a DC compressor system for EVs?

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